XBRL Update: New Functionality for Interactive Data

June 27, 2012
by Nicholas Messing, XBRL Accountant, Business Wire New York
Nicholas Messing

Nicholas Messing

The upcoming filing season looks to be one of the busiest yet for XBRL preparers, with all US public companies submitting financial statements to the SEC required to include detail-tagged XBRL as of June 15, 2012. As the XBRL mandate reaches full implementation for SEC filings, the functionality of XBRL continues to expand through various initiatives including the DATA Act, corporate actions, and Business Wire’s Retail Report.

XBRL has increased its presence in the US Congress with the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act, which the House of Representatives unanimously passed on April 25, 2012. Known as the DATA act, this bill provides for a broader implementation of data reporting standards to track federal spending data. Following its strong bipartisan success in the House, the DATA Act has been referred to the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. Similar to the Child and Family Services Innovation and Improvement Act, which was signed into law in October 2011, the DATA Act includes a significant reference to XBRL: “In designating reporting standards… the Commission shall, to the extent practicable, incorporate existing nonproprietary standards, such as the eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL).”

XBRL US released the 2012 Corporate Actions Taxonomy for public comment on May 17, 2012. This is the second version of the Corporate Actions Taxonomy, designed to tag over 50 types of corporate actions announcements, including mergers and acquisitions, dividends, redemptions, tender offers, and stock splits. Approximately 200,000 corporate actions are released each year in the US, and these textual announcements require time-consuming manual steps to process as financial data. XBRL tagging of corporate actions releases would enhance the efficiency of downstream processing across the financial community. XBRL US has teamed with The Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC) and The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) to promote the use of XBRL tagging for corporate actions in accordance with the existing ISO (International Organization for Standardization) standards.

On May 3, 2012, Business Wire became the first commercial newswire to map, tag and disseminate its own content in XBRL format. XBRL exhibits utilizing the US GAAP taxonomy now accompany Business Wire’s Retail Report, which is released monthly to Business Wire’s full national circuit. Published on the day that retailers announce sales figures for the previous month, the report tracks specialty apparel and general merchandise retailers’ monthly and year-to-date total sales with percentage comparisons across periods, alongside comparative stores’ sales growth data. To date, the April and May 2012 Retail Reports have been published with supplemental XBRL files, which may be freely downloaded and rendered through the SEC’s XBRL previewer, to facilitate analysis of retail sales data. Two members of Business Wire’s XBRL team, Senior XBRL Financial Reporting Specialist Belayneh Alemayehu and Junior XBRL Accountant Khondakar Moin, have provided their expertise to translate the Retail Report into XBRL. While Business Wire’s XBRL team has been proactively preparing for the final wave of the SEC’s XBRL mandate, we have also implemented a new innovation in interactive data.


XBRL Update: July 2010

July 12, 2010

On July 8th, the SEC deployed updates to its official XBRL rendering engine (“Viewer” and “Previewer”) to address rendering issues for footnotes tagged at a detailed level. Below, learn more about this development.

Q2 2010 is the first quarter many Large Accelerated filers will begin filing footnotes tagged at a detailed level along with their face financial statements.  Unfortunately, preliminary rendering results with the old Viewer were not very promising. For example, our testing showed the following rendering errors for information tagged at the detailed level (to name a few):

  • Certain segment reporting information and dimension members did not render
  • Notes tagged at a detailed level with the words “Cash” or “Equity” in the group title did not render
  • Unrelated monetary elements, abstracts, data and time periods rendered repeatedly in multiple different notes, which lead to misleading information and made reviewing virtually impossible
  • Decimals and currencies did not render appropriately

To facilitate the first wave of XBRL filings with detailed level information, the SEC enhanced its rendering engine to eliminate certain rendering errors and issues.

What does this mean to my company?
The SEC’s enhanced Viewer fixes many “bugs” and minor rendering issues for both year one and year two requirements. Significant fixes primarily relate to:

  • Improved handling of mixed data types (units and decimals) within the same report.  The Viewer can now display different units of measure in each group
  • Updates to level iv detail tagged rendering to ensure complete display of all tagged data and improved rendering of column headings
  • Allows for the display of currency symbols to ensure currency symbols are not displayed in the rendering for non-monetary amounts
  • Improvements made to display non U.S. Dollar and other symbols
  • Enhancements to Statement of Stockholders’ Equity rendering and detailed reports to eliminate duplicated ending balances

However, one issue that is not fixed relates to the 2009 Commitments and Contingencies element.  Accordingly, we will continue to use the SEC prescribed workaround for this line item, where applicable.  Business Wire is already updating the source code on our rendering tool and we expect to have it running with the enhancements shortly.

Finally, please keep in mind that although the SEC’s Viewer has been updated, differences between the HTML and XBRL filings will continue to exist.  Potential rendering differences expected for Level iv detailed tagging include:

  • Labels in the same group may not exactly match the expected footnote labels
  • Narratives and tables may be combined or split up to improve rendering and review

Business Wire is more than happy to review with you rendering changes and differences that apply specifically to your filing.

Have any XBRL questions or concerns?  Simply contact us at XBRL@BusinessWire.com.


XBRL Update for April, 2010

April 20, 2010

Since our last update, there have been four significant XBRL developments:

  • Transition of responsibility for maintaining the US GAAP Taxonomy
  • SEC release of a new Previewer and Viewer engine
  • Update to the EDGAR Filer Manual
  • SEC Webinar focused on detailed tagging requirements.

Taxonomy Maintenance Transition
On February 5, 2010, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) announced the Financial Accounting Foundation (FAF) will be responsible for the ongoing maintenance of the U.S. GAAP Financial Reporting Taxonomy. The current 2009 taxonomy in use by SEC issuers was developed by XBRL US, Inc., an independent non-profit organization, with technical accounting support provided by the FASB. Going forward, XBRL US will transition to other projects with continued technical support from the FASB.

Read the rest of this entry »


XBRL Update: Jan 2010

January 8, 2010

On December 4, 2009, the Securities and Exchange Commission launched its XBRL information portal, which can be found at http://xbrl.sec.gov. The portal consolidates in one easy to find central location all SEC related XBRL information and also highlights new XBRL developments to simplify searching for the most up-to-date information. In this issue of the XBRL Update, we will summarize the information available on the SEC’s XBRL portal, discuss the quality of the second wave of filings and provide you an update on how to best prepare for the upcoming 10-K and detailed tagging requirements.

SEC’s XBRL Portal

The SEC’s XBRL portal contains five main categories: Rules and Regulations; Background; View Filings; Interpretive Guidance; and Technical. Details of each category are as follows:

  • Rules and Regulations: Contains postings of final XBRL rules for Publicly Traded Companies, Mutual Funds, Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organizations and the Voluntary Filer Program (VFP).
    • Allows users to access the respective rules and regulations without having to search through the SEC website.
  • Background: Contains general XBRL information, covering:
    • A brief synopsis of XBRL and the countries in which XBRL has already been implemented.
    • A glossary of frequently used terms (i.e. element, concept, extensions, etc).
    • History of the SEC’s adoption of XBRL and information regarding the Office of Interactive Disclosure (OID).
  • View Filings: Various options for viewing XBRL filings submitted to the SEC are listed:
    • Users may subscribe to an RSS feed or view the latest 100 XBRL files submitted to the SEC.
    • View filings submitted under the VFP.
    • Search EDGAR filings (which include XBRL exhibits, if submitted) by company name, ticker symbol or CIK number.
    • Link to upload XBRL files to the Interactive Data Viewer (“Previewer”).
  • Interpretive Guidance: The SEC will continue to issue XBRL guidance based on their

review of interactive data submissions and questions raised by filers and agents.

  • Technical: The technical section includes links to:
    • Approved taxonomies.
    • The EDGAR Filer Manual.
    • Shortcut to the SEC Previewer.
    • Listing of EDGAR XBRL Validation Errors and Warnings.

Second Wave of Filings Submitted to the SEC

On September 28, 2009, the SEC updated the EDGAR system to enhance its Interactive Data (XBRL) file validation capabilities. Since the update, Business Wire has been closely monitoring the quality of the filings, noting a marked improvement in the SEC submissions as compared to the prior quarter. Furthermore, upon closer examination, we have noted through two sets of independent validation tools that the SEC continues to accept filings with EDGAR Filer Manual

errors. From September 28th through November 20th, we noted 30 out of 410 filings had at least one error according to one of the validation tools.

10-K and Detailed Tagging Requirements

Along with the 10‐K filing come additional XBRL requirements, which include mapping: the Statement of Shareholders’ Equity, additional notes to the financial statements and financial statement schedules.

  • Detailed Tagging: For clients required to file XBRL exhibits in the first phase, detailed tagging will be here before we know it. First phase filers will be required to present detailed tags for their second quarter filing in 2010. Detail tagging creates an additional burden on the filer as it increases the amount of work required to ensure XBRL compliance and forces the filer to change their financial reporting process to ensure ample time in incorporating last minute changes.

Have any XBRL questions or concerns?  Simply contact us at XBRL@BusinessWire.com.


XBRL Update: October 2009

November 4, 2009

On October 6, 2009, the SEC issued “Staff Observations From Review of Interactive Data Financial Statements,” identifying improvements to the quality of XBRL submissions. The Staff commented on rendering, element selection, context references, negative values and negated labels, decimals and other observations.Below, please find the items from the SEC Staff’s observations that we believe you should be aware of.

Rendering

The SEC continues to emphasize the following:

  • Filers should not deviate from the EDGAR Filer Manual rules and jeopardize the quality of their XBRL files in order to correct rendering issues.
  • There is no requirement that the rendered files appear identical to the HTML/ASCII filing.
  • Filers should expect differences between the HTML/ASCII filing and the rendered XBRL files. Some of the differences are: Formatting,  column headings such as “Unaudited” and subheadings such as “Current Assets,” totals and subtotals, and format of the shareholders’ equity statement including how certain columns and subtotals render. However, certain differences can be eliminated such as: Labels should match, abstracts for headers should be used and each footnote should be presented separately.

Element Selection
The SEC Staff has identified 12 examples of common issues and as a result, encourages filers to:

  • Carefully search through the entire taxonomy to find an element with the narrowest definition that captures all material information.
  • Be aware of elements that are industry specific.
  • Do not create an extension when a) an appropriate standard element exists, and b) representing identical concepts reported on multiple financial statements within the same submission.
  • Create extensions when a) the standard element does not adequately capture all material information, b) combining the concepts of two or more standard elements, and c) splitting two concepts in a standard element.
  • Tag all amounts appearing in parenthesis and present them separately from the face of the financial statements.

Context References
Context references allow tagged information to be understood in relation to other information presented. The SEC staff notes:

  • Filers should use the same elements for common line items but create unique contexts (dimensions) to distinguish financial information for subsidiaries, businesses and segments.
  • When reporting roll-forwards, such as the statement of shareholders’ equity, filers should use the same context reference for the beginning balance and the ending balance of the previous period.

Negative Values and Negated Labels
The standard taxonomy is designed so that the monetary amounts for most elements should be entered as positive values. Filers should properly distinguish negative values and negated labels. For example, negative values should be used to represent a loss for an element that has both a gain or loss concept. Negated labels should be used to render a balance in brackets.

Decimals
Tagged amounts should accurately reflect the rounded values reported on the financial statements.

Other Observations
Filers should provide debit/credit balance types for balance sheet and income statement monetary extensions. In instances when an extension can take a positive or negative value in different periods (most commonly on the cash flow statement), filers should either assign an appropriate balance type or provide a definition.

Filers who are not amending their XBRL filings should set the Amendment Flag to “false” and should leave the Amendment Description blank.

Filers should post their Interactive Data exhibits on their corporate website by the end of calendar day on the day of submission. Furthermore, the SEC discourages compressing the Interactive Data files in a .zip file as it may make it more difficult for the end users to access.

To learn more about Business Wire’s XBRL Services, please contact Michael Becker, Business Wire’s Vice President of Global Disclosure and Financial Reporting Services.


XBRL Update: September 2009

September 24, 2009

The biggest lesson learned from the first wave of XBRL filings is the importance of proper validation. Depending on the validation tool used, results show that virtually every filing has at least one EDGAR Filer Manual error. Furthermore, 44% of all filings have two errors or more and the average number of errors per filing is 12.  Given the changes coming forth from the SEC and XBRL US, filers will need to quickly adopt procedures to better meet the upcoming challenges.

Here are several items you should be aware of:

SEC’s EDGAR system update with upcoming EDGAR Release 9.17:
On September 28, 2009, the SEC will update the EDGAR system to enhance its Interactive Data (XBRL) file validation capabilities. The updated EDGAR system will validate an increased number of technical requirements found in the EDGAR Filer Manual.

The first set of mandated XBRL filers were allowed to submit their XBRL filings without meeting all of the EDGAR Filer Manual requirements. It is important to note the enhanced EDGAR system may now strip out XBRL files that do not comply with the requirements of the EDGAR Filer Manual. Accordingly, the SEC highly encourages filers to have their XBRL filings tested in advance of the required submission dates.

FASB Codification & XBRL US GAAP Taxonomy:
On July 1, 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) launched the FASB Accounting Standards Codification as the single source of authoritative non-governmental US GAAP, replacing existing authoritative accounting pronouncements including those issued by FASB, EITF, AICPA and other organizations. The Codification is effective for quarterly and annual reports ending after September 15, 2009. The Codification does not change GAAP, rather it introduces a new structure, which is organized into an easily accessible online research system and can be accessed at http://asc.fasb.org. To ensure the US GAAP taxonomy is up-to-date with the latest accounting references, on August 4, 2009, FASB and XBRL US revised the XBRL US GAAP Taxonomy to include links to the FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification for XBRL elements.

SEC XBRL FAQs:
Staff Interpretations and FAQs Related to Interactive Data Disclosure:
http://www.sec.gov/spotlight/xbrl/staff-interps.shtml

Compliance and Disclosure Interpretations on Interactive Data:
http://www.sec.gov/divisions/corpfin/guidance/interactivedatainterp.htm

For further information regarding XBRL, please listen to our Webinar or contact Business Wire’s Vice President of Global Disclosure and Financial Reporting Services, Michael Becker.


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